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Varian-Fry

Was a representative of the American Emergency Rescue Committee, a non-governmental organization established to rescue Jews and other endangered notables from France after its fall in June 1940. Landing in Marseilles, Fry established the American Rescue Center and created an elaborate network to screen applicants and get them out of the country. His work was a direct contravention of American foreign policy and he received little support from the American consulate, with the exception of Hiram Bingham IV. He faced continuous harassment from the French, including an eventual arrest, and was finally taken to the Spanish border and expelled from the country. On July 21, 1994, he was named Righteous Among the Nations for the 4000 Jews and others he aided during his brief time in France.