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Raoul-Wallenberg-

Special Attaché at the Swedish Legation in Budapest, arrived in July 1944, several months after Carl Lutz and the other Swedish diplomats had started their rescue efforts to save the remaining 200,000 Jews in Hungary. Wallenberg operated openly and fearlessly, distributing thousands of certificates of protection. Using money from the War Refugee Board and Swedish funds he established a number of hospitals, nurseries, and a soup kitchen, as well as dozens of safe houses which formed an “international ghetto” for Jews with protective papers. Wallenberg personally intervened in numerous instances to release Jews who had been detained with false identity papers. At the time of liberation, more than 100,000 Hungarian Jews were still alive; it is the only European Jewish community to survive the war to any degree. This was largely due to Wallenberg, Lutz, and the actions of so many of their diplomatic colleagues. Wallenberg was last seen in mid-January 1945; he was abducted by the Soviets and died in their custody at an unknown time and place. Wallenberg was honored as Righteous Among the Nations on November 26, 1963.