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Dr.-Vladimír-Vochoč

Consul at the Czechoslovak Consulate in Marseilles, France, had no diplomatic immunity as Czechoslovakia had ceased to exist following the Munich Agreement and the partitioning of the country in 1938. Rather than return to what was now part of the Third Reich, Vochoč chose to return to the abandoned consulate and began issuing Czech passports to stateless refugees who had no hope of leaving Europe without one. He utilized all of the passports he could find in the consulate, wrote addenda to extend limited passports, and when he completely ran out, he had more made at a local printer. He was arrested by the French police in 1940 but escaped and made his way to Lisbon. He returned to Czechoslovakia after the war, only to be arrested by the Communists in 1948 and swept up in the show trials, serving a seven-year sentence. He was named Righteous Among the Nations on February 2, 2016.